Animals get antibiotics and develop resistant bacteria in their guts.
George gets antibiotics and develops resistant bacteria in his gut.
Drug-resistant bacteria can remain on meat from animals. When not handled or cooked properly, the bacteria can spread to humans.
Fertilizer or water containing animal feces and drug-resistant bacteria is used on food crops.
Drug-resistant bacteria in the animal feces can remain on the crops and be eaten. These bacteria can remain in the human gut.
Patients go home.
Resistant bacteria spread to other patients from surfaces within the healthcare facility.
Resistant germs spread directly to other patients or indirectly on unclean hands of healthcare providers.
George gets care at a hospital, nursing home or other inpatient facility.
George stays at home and in the general community. Spreads resistant bacteria.
Antimicrobial resistance, and more specifically antibiotic resistance, has become a major threat to our society and continues to grow because of improper dosage and improper usage. Antibiotics are among the most commonly prescribed drugs used in human medicine and can be lifesaving drugs. However, up to 50% of the time antibiotics are not optimally prescribed, often when not needed, and with incorrect dosing or duration. The germs that contaminate food can become resistant because of the use of antibiotics in people and in food-producing animals. Because of the link between antibiotic use in food-producing animals and the occurrence of antibiotic-resistant infections in humans, antibiotics that are medically important to treating infections in humans should be used in food-producing animals only under veterinary oversight and only to manage and treat infectious disease, not to promote growth. The other major factor in the growth of antibiotic resistance is spread of the resistant strains of bacteria from person to person or from non-human sources in the environment, by way of germs through illnesses, unclean hands, or even unclean surfaces within a facility.
bioMérieux is an international advocate of World Antibiotic Awareness Week, occurring every November. This initiative aims to increase awareness of global antibiotic resistance and to encourage best practices among the general public, healthcare professionals and policy makers to avoid the further emergence and spread of antibiotic resistance. As a pioneer of in vitro diagnostics and a global leader in microbiology, bioMérieux offers a wide array of solutions for implementation of the main measures of the "Global Action Plan for Antimicrobial Resistance" published by the WHO in 2015.
Following the Mérieux family’s commitment to serving human and animal health worldwide, both aspects have always been handled within the single concept of "One Health." Browse this site to understand how antibiotic resistance can spread, as well as why it’s important for every person to identify their role in the spread of antimicrobial resistance and ways they can combat the deadly threat.
Key References: Antibiotic Resistance Threats in the United States, 2013. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).